The Role of Metaphor in Jesus’ Controversy with the Pharisees (Mk 2:18-20)

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Arkadiusz KRASICKI


The Bible is the foundation of culture and literature. Even though it seems somewhat neglected today, it still emanates and shines with inspirational words and continues to be a model for literary movements. The Gospel is a literary genre in itself, and its author uses stylistic devices, such as the metaphor. The role of the evangelists as authors is also important. Using the historical-critical method, the passage Mk 2: 18-20 reveals the exceptional nature of the metaphor fiancé, fiancée, and wedding (i.e. wedding guests). The three metaphors make up a logical unit. With the help of that stylistic device, the reader can accept Jesus' teaching in which he conceals his identity. A polemic is just an expression or a reason for using a metaphor, which is a common expression in Jewish teachings. The metaphor that is used also becomes a “bridge” connecting the past with the present and thereby complements the limitations of the historical-critical method. Jesus not only spoke the investigated lines in the literal sense. They also contain a hidden spiritual meaning that indicates Christ’s mission of salvation.

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KRASICKI, A. ., & ALBIN, A. (2023). The Role of Metaphor in Jesus’ Controversy with the Pharisees (Mk 2:18-20). Anafora, 6(1), 151–168. Retrieved from