Main Article Content


This study aims to reconstruct the linguistic-cultural image of TRUTH and LIE encoded in Lithuanian and English paremia by presenting their semantic and axiological content. The research is a part of the linguistic-cultural reconstruction of the concepts of TRUTH and LIE in both languages. It was carried out through the analysis of paremia, in the framework of the S-Q-T methodology proposed by the Ethnolinguistic School of Lublin. More precisely, proverbs and sayings were analysed by distinguishing their semantic aspects, viewed from certain interpretational perspectives, and grouping them into the semantic profiles. The data was selected from the main national sources of proverbs and sayings: the systemic catalogue of Lithuanian proverbs and sayings, collected by the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore, The Oxford Dictionary of English Proverbs and A Dictionary of American Proverbs. It has also been attempted to compare the Lithuanian and English ethno-conceptualization of TRUTH an LIE by distinguishing their common and culturally specific features.

Article Details

truth, lie, linguistic worldview, conceptualization, paremia
How to Cite
Snukiškienė, I. “LINGUO-CULTURAL PICTURE OF “TRUTH” AND ‘LIE’ IN LITHUANIAN AND ENGLISH PROVERBS”. Proverbium - Yearbook, vol. 39, no. 1, July 2022, pp. 300-324, doi:10.29162/pv.39.1.63.


Bartmiński, Jerzy. “Punkt widzenia, perspektywa interpretacyjna, językowy obraz świata”. Językowy obraz świata, 1990, pp. 209–127.

Bartmiński, Jerzy. Aspects of Cognitive Ethnolinguistics. Sheffield and Oakville, CT: Equinox, 2009/2012.

Bartmiński, Jerzy. “Czym zajmuje się Etnolingwistyka”. Akcent, no. 4(26), 1986, 16–22.

Chlebda, Wojciech. “Przysłowia narodu radzieckiego. Wstępne założenia przyszłej analizy”. Literatura i słowo wczoraj i dziś: piśmiennictwo rosyjskie a państwo totalitarne, 1993, pp. 231–236.

Grigas, Kazys. Patarlių paralelės. Vilnius: Vaga, 1987.

Honeck, Richard P. A Proverb in Mind. The Cognitive Science of Proverbial Wit and Wisdom. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1997.

Lieber, D. Michael. “Analogic Ambiguity: A Paradox of Proverb Usage”. Wise Words: Essays on the Proverbs, 1994, pp. 99–126.

Mieder, Wolfgang. Proverbs: A Handbook. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Niebrzegowska-Bartmińska, Stanisława. Definiowanie i profilowanie pojęć w etnolingwistyce. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 2020.

Niebrzegowska-Bartmińska, Stanisława. “O profilowaniu językowego obrazy świata”. Poradnik językowy, no. 1, 2015, pp. 30–44.

Obelkevich, James. “Proverbs and Social History”. Wise Words: Essays on the Proverb, 1994, pp. 211–252.

Papaurėlytė-Klovienė, Silvija. Lingvistinės kultūrologijos bruožai. Šiauliai: Šiaulių universiteto leidykla, 2007.

Petrova, Roumyana. “Truth in Anglo-American Proverbs”. Proverbium, vol. 36, pp. 277–340.

Quinn, Naomi & Holland, Dorothy. “Culture and Cognition”. Cultural models in language and thought, 1987, pp. 3–40.

Rutkovska, Kristina, Smetona, Marius, and Smetonienė, Irena. Vertybės lietuvio pasaulėvaizdyje. Vilnius: Akademinė leidyba, 2017

Shapiro, Barbara. A Culture of Fact: England, 1550–1720. ItHaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2000.

Sweetser, Eve E. “The definition of lie: an examination of the folk models underlying a semantic prototype”. Cultural models in language and thought, 1987, pp. 43–66.

Underhill, James. W. Humboldt, Worldview and Language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013.

White, Geoffrey M. “Proverbs and cultural models: an American psychology of problem solving”. Cultural models in language and thought, 1987, pp. 151–172.

Whorf, Benjamin Lee. Language, thought, and reality: selected writings. Cambridge, Mass.: Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1956.

Wierzbicka, Anna. Experience, Evidence and Sence. The Hidden Cultural Legacy of English. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Zaikauskienė, Dalia. “Lietuvių paremijų funkcijos. Teorinės pastabos”. Tautosakos darbai, vol. XL, pp. 97–107.

Data sources

The systemic catalogue of Lithuanian proverbs and sayings, collected by the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore.

The Oxford Dictionary of English Proverbs. 3rd Ed. F. P. Wilson. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press, 1970.

A Dictionary of American Proverbs. Wolfgang Mieder, editor in chief, Stewart A. Kingsbury and Kelsie B. Harder (eds). New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.